Slip and fall law concerns the area of law that deals with personal injury claims which involve certain kinds of accidents in which the plaintiff’s injury is the consequence of a fall. This area is a division of tort law and has similarities with litigation law. In particular, slip and fall cases fall under premises liability law.
In general, four different types of slip and fall accidents exist:
1. Typical “slip and fall” accidents in which a person loses traction on a walking surface
2. “Stump and fall” accidents in which a person stumbles over an obstruction
3. “Step and fall” accidents in which a person may lose his or her equilibrium by unknowingly stepping in a hole or some other inconspicuous defect
4. “Trip and fall” accidents in which a person’s foot is caught against something that causes him or her to stumble
Whatever the types of slip and fall accidents a person encounters, he or she might desire compensation especially if serious injuries are sustained. In order to receive damages, the injured party has to prove that the proprietor is accountable for the accident. To determine liability, the plaintiff must show that the property owner failed to exercise reasonable care, behaved negligently or had constructive notice of the hazardous condition that caused the accident. Constructive notice refers to the legal theory that even though the owner was not actually aware of the condition, he or she should have had the opportunity to detect it.