Anyone who has spent time working on a New York construction site knows how dangerous they are. They also know that their employers must — by law — take specific action to limit the risks associated with working at a construction job site. According to the Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), here are two of the top hazards that workers encounter on a daily basis while navigating a typical construction site:

1. Falling from heights or tripping

Many workers are at heights working from places that present falling risks. However, a fall can also happen at ground level and result in serious injuries. Here is some advice for preventing falls:

  • Always wear harnesses and other fall prevention equipment when necessary to prevent a fall.
  • Keep perimeter protection in place where workers could fall.
  • Cover up any openings in the floor and label them.
  • Always take care to follow safety guidelines when using scaffolds and ladders.

2. Being struck by objects and machinery

Whether the object has fallen from a height, driving along the ground, operating nearby or is flying through the air laterally, one of the most common accidents involves a worker getting struck by something like a flying object or piece of machinery. Here’s how workers can prevent “struck-by” incidents:

  • Do not stand between or near two objects like vehicles or machinery, especially when there are two vehicles or when a vehicle is pressed against a wall or post.
  • Always wear a helmet.
  • Wear visible clothing so drivers can see you better.
  • Do not work directly beneath other workers who are above you.
  • Strap down loose objects and keep your work area organized.
  • Give lots of space to fellow workers.

The injuries associated with the falling, “struck-by” and tripping construction accidents can be particularly severe. If you were hurt at your job, take action now to protect your potential right to pursue compensation and benefits.